Lumbar disc disease refers to a collection of degenerative disorders that can lead to low back pain as people age. There are three main processes that make up lumbar disc disease:
Lumbar disc disease occurs because of a change in the structure of the normal disc. Usually, disc disease comes as a result of aging and the degeneration that occurs within the disc.
The symptoms of lumbar disc disease vary depending on where the disc has herniated and what nerve root it is pushing on. Symptoms may include:
Each individual may experience different symptoms, and symptoms may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always talk to your provider for a diagnosis.
A complete medical history and physical exam will be performed; diagnostic procedures may also include:
Specific treatment for lumbar disc disease will be determined by your physicians based on:
Usually, conservative therapy is the first line of treatment to manage lumbar disc disease; this may include a combination of the following:
If these treatments do not help, surgery for removal of the disc may be recommended.